Introduction about Review of Desalination system fed by Renewable energy

World natural resources of fresh water are constant or even decreasing while the world population continues to grow rapidly and is expected to increase from a current value of 6 billion inhabitants to 9 billion over 2050. This growth is associated with rapid expansion of urban regions, which consume large amounts of fresh water. Population increase and associated changes in lifestyle stress limited water resources even further. Governments and municipalities struggle to secure sufficient fresh water resources for the ever-increasing demand by adopting strict policies for conservation, water reuse, imports, transportation, and desalination [AND07]. According to the International Water Management Institute (IWMI), one over three peoples globally faces some form of water scarcity; one-fourth of the world population lives in areas where water is physically scarce, and over one billion people live where water is econom`ically scarce, or places where ‘‘water is available in rivers and … [Read more...]

Support for PWUDs in Harm Reduction program


Results of quick review on “Prevention and Cmprehensive Care for Drug Users/Abusers and Detoxfied People (including HIV positive) in 4 mountainous communes Mai Chau Town, Mai Ha, Chieng Chau & Tong Dau, Mai Chau District, Hoa Binh Province By Khoat Dang Van, Khanh Van Le, Nga Thi To Dao E-mail: Keywords: HIV, harm reduction, credit and saving, drug users, detoxfied people Background: Quick review for situation on “Prevention and Comprehensive Care for Drug Users and Detoxified People (HIV positive/negative)” in four communes of Mai Chau mountain district with the technical support from CRDSC and REACOM. The objectives of the review is to understand on accessibility of IDUs/post-detoxified people to social services in harm reduction programs for preventing HIV transmission, stigma/discrimination, to support IDUs/post-detoxified in reintegrating community, and to prevent relapse/re-use. Methods: Retrospective study was applied for this quick review in … [Read more...]

Vietnam’s lychee: food, products, market, policy, and postharvest in the Value Chain Development (VCD)

Fresh Lychee

Lychee is considered to have existed in Viet Nam for a long time. At the foot of Bavi Mountain, wild lychee trees were found by a French scientist in 1942. In 1970 Professor Vu Cong Hau (late director of the Industrial and Fruit Crop Institute) A Vietnamese legend also recounts that one of Vietnamese Kings of the Mai Dynasty once offered lychee fruits, which were regarded as precious fruit of Viet Nam, to the Emperor of China. This evidence partly shows that lychee can be considered as a native of Viet Nam lychee and that the climate of northern Viet Nam, where winter is short, dry and a little bit cold and summer is long and hot with high rainfall and humidity, is quite suitable for the growth of lychee. Cultivation and uses An evergreen tree reaching 10–28 meters (33–92 ft) tall, the lychee bears fleshy fruits that are up to 5 cm long and 4 cm wide (2.0 in × 1.6 in). The outside of the fruit is covered by a pink-red, roughly textured rind that is inedible but easily removed … [Read more...]


Mission: Contributing to the successful implementation of the poverty reduction program initiated by the Vietnam Government; improving the quality of services in the areas of health, education, livelihoods, environment and techniques transfer with gender equity in sustainable development, particularly for ethnic minorities and people living in mountainous and costal areas. Technical capacity: Holding community and skill-based formation and training courses, developing educational materials for disseminating general knowledge and technical guidance in the field of Health and Education;Livelihoods and Life Quality Improvement, Processing and Food safety , Green Energy and Climate Change , Biotechnology and Environment and with gender equity in sustainable development. … [Read more...]