Vietnam’s lychee: food, products, market, policy, and postharvest in the Value Chain Development (VCD)

Fresh Lychee

Lychee is considered to have existed in Viet Nam for a long time. At the foot of Bavi Mountain, wild lychee trees were found by a French scientist in 1942. In 1970 Professor Vu Cong Hau (late director of the Industrial and Fruit Crop Institute) A Vietnamese legend also recounts that one of Vietnamese Kings of the Mai Dynasty once offered lychee fruits, which were regarded as precious fruit of Viet Nam, to the Emperor of China. This evidence partly shows that lychee can be considered as a native of Viet Nam lychee and that the climate of northern Viet Nam, where winter is short, dry and a little bit cold and summer is long and hot with high rainfall and humidity, is quite suitable for the growth of lychee. Cultivation and uses An evergreen tree reaching 10–28 meters (33–92 ft) tall, the lychee bears fleshy fruits that are up to 5 cm long and 4 cm wide (2.0 in × 1.6 in). The outside of the fruit is covered by a pink-red, roughly textured rind that is inedible but easily removed … [Read more...]

Automation system and SCADA in food plant for HACCP assurance

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I. Introduction about food processing and automation system I.1. Background of food processing Food processing is similar to many different kinds of manufacturing. Three main flows can be listed: material flow and energy flow at the input of the process, product flow at the output of the process. The process is combination of some types of basic process and coresponding equipment: Mechanical and hydraulic process Transportation process Thermal process Mass transfer process Reaction process: chemical reaction and biological process The processes are supplied by suitable energy flow from electrical energy (electric network), energy from fossil fuels, biomass energy, renewable energy (renewable energy sources: wind turbine, PV panel ), ... Traditionally, the food process is manipulated by men. The workers in the food plants operate the manufaturing process and machine system by their knwoledge and experience. It is really a hard work to obtain high quality … [Read more...]

Introduction HACCP (Hazard Analysis & Critical Control Points)

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Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) is a systematic preventive approach to food safety and pharmaceutical safety that addresses physical, chemical, and biological hazards as a means of prevention rather than finished product inspection. HACCP is used in the food industry to identify potential food safety hazards, so that key actions, known as Critical Control Points (CCP's) can be taken to reduce or eliminate the risk of the hazards being realized. The system is used at all stages of food production and preparation processes including packaging, distribution, etc. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) use mandatory juice, seafood, meat and poultry HACCP programs as an effective approach to food safety and protecting public health. Meat and poultry HACCP systems are regulated by the USDA, while seafood and juice are regulated by the FDA. The use of HACCP is currently voluntary in other food … [Read more...]

CENTRE FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITY

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CENTRE FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITIES Background information Operating in Viet Nam since 1976, after 28 years of providing collaboration and assistance in development, the Coopération Internationale pour le Développement et la Solidarité (CIDSE) have provided Vietnamese cadres with working capacity, and transferred programs, program management skills to the descendant Vietnamese organizations by the end of 2005. Amongst those organizations, CRDSC (the Centre for Research and Development on Sustainable Communities ) was joined by staff members, previous key officers of health and integrated community development programs from the former-CIDSE Established on 2 January 2007, is a Vietnamese non-governmental organization and membership of Viet Nam Union of Science and Technology Associations(VUSTA). Its operation office is placed at Nam Thanh Cong Collectivity Area, Dong Da district, Hanoi Capital of Vietnamcity. . Vision, Mission and … [Read more...]